How To Clone Tomato Plants From Cuttings?


To clone tomato plants from cuttings, start by selecting a healthy stem and making a clean cut. Remove the lower leaves and place the cutting in water or soil. Keep the plant in a warm and humid environment and be patient. After a few weeks, the roots will begin to grow, and you can transfer the plant to a larger pot or directly into your garden.

Cloning tomato plants is a simple and cheap way to increase the size of your garden and make sure you have a healthy harvest.

In this article, I will tell you how to propagate or clone tomato plants from cuttings. Let’s take a look. 

Tips For Choosing the Right Tomato Plant for Propagation

When choosing a tomato plant for propagation, there are several tips to consider to ensure you select the best plant for your needs.

Here are some tips for choosing the right tomato plant for cloning or propagation:

1. Choose a healthy plant

Look for a tomato plant that is healthy, disease-free, and has no signs of pests or insect damage. Healthy plants will have vibrant green leaves and stems with no yellowing or wilting.

2. Look for a vigorous plant 

Select a tomato plant that has strong, sturdy stems and plenty of foliage. A strong, healthy plant will grow more fruit and be less likely to get pests or diseases.

3. Consider the variety

There are many different types of tomato plants, each with their own unique characteristics. Choose a variety that is well-suited to your growing conditions and the type of tomato you want to grow.

4. Check the ripening time

Different tomato varieties ripen at different times, so choose a plant that will produce fruit when you want it. If you want tomatoes early in the season, choose an early-ripening variety.

5. Check the fruit size and shape

Consider the size and shape of the fruit you want to grow. Some tomato varieties make big beefsteak tomatoes, while others make cherry or grape tomatoes that are smaller.

6. Consider the growing habit

Different tomato plants have different growth habits. Some are determinate, which means they only make a certain number of fruits and then stop growing, while others are indeterminate and make fruit all season long. 

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How To Remove Cuttings From The Plants?

When removing tomato cuttings from a plant, it is important to do it carefully to avoid damaging the plant. Here are some steps you can follow:

  • Choose the right time: The best time to take cuttings is early in the morning, when the plant is fully hydrated and has the most stored energy. Avoid taking cuttings when the plant is stressed or when it is too hot or dry outside.
  • Use clean and sharp tools: Use clean and sharp pruning shears or scissors to take the cuttings. Dirty or dull tools can introduce bacteria or fungi to the plant, which can cause disease.
  • Cut just below a node: Choose a stem that is healthy and has at least one node the point where a leaf or branch attaches to the stem. Cut the stem just below the node at a 45-degree angle.
  • Remove lower leaves: Remove the lower leaves from the stem, leaving only the top two or three leaves. This will reduce the amount of moisture loss from the cutting and promote root development.
  • Dip in rooting hormone: If you want to encourage root growth, you can dip the cut end of the stem in rooting hormone before planting.
  • Plant in a pot or tray: Fill a pot or tray with well-draining soil or a rooting medium such as vermiculite or perlite. Make a hole in the soil and insert the cutting, pressing the soil around it to hold it in place.
  • Water and cover: Water the cutting well and cover it with a clear plastic bag or dome to create a humid environment. This will help the cutting retain moisture and encourage root growth.
  • Place in a bright, warm location: Place the pot or tray in a bright, warm location, but avoid direct sunlight. Keep the soil moist but not waterlogged, and mist the cutting occasionally to maintain humidity.

How to Root a Tomato Cutting?

How to Root a Tomato Cutting?
How to Root a Tomato Cutting?

When a cutting is taken from a parent plant and rooted successfully, the new plant that grows from it will have the same genetic characteristics as the parent plant. 

This can be helpful if you want to keep a plant’s good qualities, like its resistance to disease or its flower color. You can root your cuttings by soil and water and these are given below; 

1. Water

A simple and effective way to grow new plants from cuttings is to put a tomato in water and let it grow roots. Here are the steps to re-root a tomato in water:

  1. Choose a healthy tomato plant with strong stems and branches.
  1. Select a stem that is about 4-6 inches long.
  1. Cut the stem using a sharp and clean pair of scissors or pruning shears.
  1. Remove the leaves from the bottom 2 inches of the stem. 
  1. Fill a small jar or vase with water and place the stem cutting into the water, making sure that the bottom 2 inches of the stem are submerged.
  1. Place the jar in a warm and bright spot, but not in direct sunlight. 
  1. Make sure to change the water every few days to keep it fresh and clean.
  1. After a few days, you should start to see small roots growing from the bottom of the stem cutting. 

With proper care, your tomato plant should grow and produce fruit in a few months. 

Root cutting in soil
Root cutting in soil

2. Soil

To root a tomato plant with soil, you can follow these steps:

  1. Choose a healthy tomato plant with strong stems and healthy leaves.
  1. Cut a stem from the tomato plant using a sharp, or a pair of scissors or pruning shears. Make sure that the stem has at least 2-3 leaves at the top.
  1. Remove the bottom leaves from the stem, leaving only the top leaves.
  1. Dip the bottom of the stem in the rooting hormone to help stimulate root growth.
  1. Prepare a pot with soil that is moist, but not waterlogged. Make a hole in the soil with a pencil or similar object.
  1. Gently place the stem in the hole, burying it up to the first set of leaves.
  1. Firmly press the soil around the stem to secure it in place.
  1. Water the soil around the tomato stem until it is moist, but avoid excessive watering. 
  1. Cover the plant with a plastic bag to create a humid environment for the plant.
  1. Place the pot in a warm, bright spot, but out of direct sunlight.
  1. Monitor the plant regularly and water it as needed. 

Once roots have formed, the plant can be gradually acclimated to brighter light and eventually transplanted to a larger pot or garden bed.

How To Clone Tomato Plants From Cuttings?

Cloning tomato plants from cuttings is an easy and effective way to propagate new plants with the exact same genetic makeup as the parent plant.

Here are some steps to follow for cloning tomato plants. 

Materials needed:

  • A healthy tomato plant
  • Pruning shears or sharp scissors
  • Rooting hormone powder
  • Small plant pots or containers
  • Potting soil

 Steps to Clone Tomato Plants From Cuttings

  • Choose a healthy tomato plant that is at least 6-8 weeks old and has several strong stems.
  • Select a stem that is about 4-6 inches long and has several sets of leaves.
  • Use pruning shears or sharp scissors to cut the stem at a 45-degree angle, just below a set of leaves.
  • Remove the leaves from the bottom 2 inches of the stem, leaving only the top leaves intact.
  • Dip the cut end of the stem into rooting hormone powder, making sure to cover it thoroughly.
  • Plant the stem into a small plant pot filled with moist potting soil, burying it about 2 inches deep.
  •  Press the soil around the stem to ensure good contact between the stem and the soil.
  • Water the cutting clone  and place it in a warm, bright location, away from direct sunlight.
  • Keep the soil moist but not too wet, and mist the leaves regularly to keep them hydrated.
  • After 2-3 weeks, the cutting clone should start to develop roots and new growth.
  • Once the roots are well established and the plant has grown several new leaves, you can transplant it into a larger pot or directly into the ground.

By following these steps, you should be able to successfully clone tomato plants from cuttings and enjoy a bountiful harvest of delicious tomatoes!

Transplanting The Cuttings

Transplant cuttings
Transplant cuttings 

Transplanting cuttings can be a great way to propagate new plants from existing ones. Here are some general steps to follow:

  • Choose a spot in your garden or in a pot that gets the right amount of light and has well-draining soil.
  • Dig a hole in the soil that is big enough to accommodate the cutting.
  • Trim the cutting to remove any leaves or flowers, leaving only a few leaves at the top. If the cutting has any flowers or buds, remove them so that the plant can focus its energy on growing roots.
  • Dip the bottom of the cutting in rooting hormone powder or gel.
  • Place the cutting in the prepared hole and backfill the soil around it. 
  • Press the soil down gently to ensure good contact between the soil and the cutting.
  • Water the cutting well to help settle the soil and to ensure that it has enough moisture to start growing roots.
  • If you are planting the cutting outdoors, you may want to cover it with row covers or plastic bags to help create a humid environment that will promote rooting.
  • Keep an eye on the cutting and water it regularly, making sure that the soil stays moist but not waterlogged.

After a few weeks, you should start to see new growth from the top of the cutting, which is a sign that it has successfully rooted.

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Transplanting cuttings can take some time and patience, but it can be a rewarding way to create new plants from your existing ones.

This method is often used by gardeners and farmers to propagate large numbers of plants, as it is cost-effective and can be used to propagate a large number of plants from just one parent plant.

Thanks for reading!

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